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Paris RebornStephane Kirkland gives an engrossing account of Napoleon III Baron Haussmann and one of the greatest transformations of a major city in modern historyTraditionally known as a dirty congested and dangerous city 19th Century Paris France was transformed in an extraordinary period in the years 1848 to 1870 when the government launched a huge campaign to build streets suares parks churches and public buildings The Louvre Palace. A fascinating description of how a despotic 19th century government used a mixture of force and fraud to do something really worthwhile Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann bulldozed their way through the alleys and slums of mediaeval Paris and created a beautiful functional modern city that people would actually want to live in the cultural capital of the world and tourist destination par excellenceThe rebuilding of Paris was not a new idea but previous governments had never had the bravado to pull it off Napoleon III wanted broad straight boulevards with wide footpaths so that traffic could move freely and pedestrians could walk in cleanliness and safety Haussmann’s contribution was mainly as an enabler although it was he who added the trees and made sure that every avenue ended in an impressive public building The new buildings themselves were not exactly works of genius but they were sound harmonious and practical More mundane matters were not neglected the works included sewers water gas and street lightingThe Second Empire was famously corrupt but it was the civilised corruption of cronyism and insider trading rather than outright bribery or extortion In particular justice was not for sale Napoleon III’s dictatorship controlled the legislature and the executive but the regime was still law bound and the judiciary was surprisingly independentHaussmann’s schemes for Paris involved massive compulsory purchase of private land yet it was all done according to the law and the owners received adeuate even excessive compensation The tenants got nothing of course The baron resorted to various dubious schemes to raise money but it was all well spent and it did not end up in his own pockets

Free download Paris Reborn

Paris Reborn Free download ✓ 104 ë Stephane Kirkland gives an engrossing account of Napoleon III Baron Haussmann and one of the greatest transformations of a major city in modern historyTraditionally known as a dirty congested and dangerous city 19th Century Paris France was transformed in an extraordinary period in the years 1848 to 1870 when S Eugène Haussmann to take charge of the implementation Heedless of controversy at tremendous cost Haussmann pressed ahead with the giant undertaking until in 1870 his political enemies brought him down just months before the collapse of the whole regime brought about the end of an era Paris Reborn is a must read for anyone who ever wondered how Paris the city universally admired as a standard of urban beauty became what it. Interesting poorly written and frustratingly without photos and drawings strange for a book about city planning Despite observations like this editorial beep describing Empress Eugenie She had many ualities Paris Reborn which originated from Napoleon III's color plan not the super bureaucrat Haussmann's prepared me to appreciate Paris for what it still is today the first modern city

Stephane Kirkland ´ 4 Free download

Was expanded Notre Dame Cathedral was restored and the French masterpiece of the Second Empire the Opéra Garnier was built A very large part of what we see when we visit Paris today originates from this short span of twenty two yearsThe vision for the new Nineteenth Century Paris belonged to Napoleon III who had led a long and difficult climb to absolute power But his plans faltered until he brought in a civil servant George. In his book Paris Reborn Napoléon III Baron Haussmann and the uest to Build a Modern City Stephane Kirkland argues that the history of the transformation of Paris under Baron Haussmann cannot be understood without including Napoleon III in the narrative To Kirkland Haussmann is too often viewed as the beginning and end of Paris’s urban reforms Further Kirkland does not see the transformation of Paris as a fundamentally positive thing He instead argues that the re development of Paris was “a heavy handed enterprise which achieved its ends at tremendous human and cultural cost and wiped from the map an old much loved Paris that we will never know” 2 Lastly Kirkland argues that under the Second Empire Paris became a monument itself While past rulers and legislatures had erected numerous monuments throughout the city Napoleon III and Haussmann intended for Paris to be a monument to global humanism While he decries Napoleon III’s iron fist much of this book simply consists of Kirkland saying how much he loves the beauty of Paris For good measure Kirkland compares late nineteenth century Paris to late nineteenth century New York in order to illustrate how Paris was so perfect that Americans could not successfully emulate it While this book is informative it is not suitable for academics Instead it is a work aimed for a general public that is interested in the history of Paris While the writing is easy to follow it is not very good When discussing the newly installed emperor’s designs on France Kirkland writes “In early 1853 no one yet knew what to expect from the reign of this newly installed emperor One of the first things he did was unexpected He got married” 52 It is true that this is an interesting biographical fact but the author does not execute it well Worse the author’s use of sources are very slim and he gives little reference to other histories of Paris—within the academy or without When there are citations the reader is left wondering why Kirkland would choose those sources For example the author has six citations in the first chapter Of them four are directly uoted from Voltaire and one points to a biography of Voltaire that was written in 1867 Recent secondary sources are uncommon Moreover there is scarcely an introduction or a conclusion to his work While there are chapters that function in this role they do not add anything meaningful to his text While this book will work fine for someone who wants a light read about the emergence of Paris as we know it today it should not be seen as a serious work of scholarship