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Ὀρέστεια Free read ´ 2 ✓ This scarce antiuarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original Due to its age it may contain imperfections such as marks notations marginalia and flawed pages Because we believe this work is culturally important we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting preserving and promoting the worMarginalia and flawed pages Because we believe this work is culturally important we have made it available as part of our commitment fo. Murder betrayal revenge torment you might wonder “Why would I bother reading three Greek plays when I could see the same sort of lurid problems on an episode of Jerry Springer And fold laundry at the same time” Two possible answers First you’re not going to get patricide matricide human sacrifice and unintentional cannibalism on daytime TV because we still draw the line somewhere and you have to admit those are pretty dramatic More importantly though along with the dysfunction in the House of Atreus comes a searing examination of guilt retribution and justice It’s a lot of philosophical bang for your buckThe first play in the trilogy Agamemnon sets up the conflict for the remaining two Agamemnon returns home from the Trojan War to his wife Clytemnestra who has spent the last ten years plotting revenge because he sacrificed their daughter to appease a god at the outset of the journey The verbal interplay at their reunion is the stuff of English majors’ dreams Clytaemnestra’s subseuent murder of Agamemnon with the help of a lover who has his own history with Agamemnon is the stuff of Mafia dreams – though actually I’m only guessing on that one However Clytaemnestra’s revenge creates the conflict that drives the other two plays and generates the ethical conundrum Aeschylus ultimately wants to solve For now Clytaemnestra’s son Orestes needs to avenge his father’s death but what happens if you kill your own mother And how is the cycle of revenge ever supposed to end The Libation Bearers has Orestes debating what he should do sort of like Hamlet until the advice of his sister and the chorus women wins the day and that’s when the excitement kicks up a notch Clytaemnestra’s death at the hand of her son calls forth the avenging Furies — ancient goddesses of chthonic tradition who appear here as gorgon like horrors swathed in black heads writhing with snakes It’s so dramatic Also it’s fitting for Clytaemnestra is like a Fury herself in avenging her daughter’s death she acts within the old paradigm of blood ties that the Furies champion wherein maternal claims are stronger than marital So even though Orestes does his duty to avenge his father in accordance with the current ethos he’s pursed by snaky haired horrors for killing his mother Like his father Orestes appears to be both an agent and a victim of fate for in following the gods’ direction to avenge his father’s death he both aligns himself with the Furies’ spirit of vengeance and becomes subject to it Perhaps Orestes’ contradictory relationship with the Furies is Aeschylus’s commentary on a theology rife with snares and contradictions In The Eumenides Aeschylus resolves the problem but his “solution” to the blood feud tradition is hardly unproblematic itself — read it and lose sleep But you’ll know for sure why this is a masterpiece

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This scarce antiuarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original Due to its age it may contain imperfections such as marks notations. Let good prevail So be it Yet what is good And who is God As many deeply conservative societies have discovered time and time again societies in which there is only one right order and this order is warranted by the highest authorities recognized by the society when change comes and come it always must not only do those in power tumble but the authority of the godspriests ancestors laws whatever the highest authorities happen to be in that society comes into uestion New myths new godspriests new stories must be told to justify and establish reassure and mollify the people whose ideological or religious supports have been pulled out from beneath them In the city of Athens during the Golden Age this was done in the agora the marketplace and in the theaters In his lifetime Aeschylus ca 525 456 BCE witnessed the invasion of Attica by huge Persian armies the bold abandonment of the fortified city of Athens and withdrawal twice of the Athenian people behind the wooden walls of the Athenian navy and the multiple defeats of the Persians and their allies including other Greeks by the hugely outnumbered Athenians and their Greek allies He also witnessed the political transition from tyranny to isonomy to democracy in Athens and the concurrent growth of Athens from just another small unimportant Greek city state to major power He himself contributed greatly to the transition of Greek tragedy from a religiously inspired performancerite involving a chorus and a single actor to something we his distant descendants can recognize as powerful theater During the transition from tyranny to democracy when first the middle class essentially landowning farmers and artisans and then the lower class the thetes acuired a direct voice in Athenian politics political activity was carried out not only in the agora the popular assembly and the Council of Five Hundred but it was also performed on stage Remains of the Theater of Dionysus Eleuthereus where Aeschylus' dramas were performed Indeed the theater was so important in Athenian public life that plays were produced at all the most important public festivals and addressed conflicts troubling the Athenian policy makers; the populace flocked to see them and talk about them In 461 BCE the last step to democracy in Athens was initiated with the stripping of all but ritual responsibilities from the Aeropagus a body of men drawn essentially from the city's aristocracy The lower and middle classes formed the overwhelming majority on the remaining decision making organs of the state and were therefore in power for a while Curiously enough while all this innovation was going on in Athens one of the most damaging epithets was innovator So the men who willed the demotion of the Aeropagus led by Ephialtes who was later murdered for his trouble had to argue that the Aeropagus had usurped its powers uite false and thus the removal of the aristocrats from the center of power was a return to the status uo ante even false but we all know that democratic decision making has precious little to do with the truth The Athenians needed a efficacious justification for this change They also needed a soothing of the many riled spirits brought about in the populace by all these changes In the Oresteia first performed in 458 Aeschylus did all of this and much much During this Golden Age playwrights wrote trilogies which were intended performed and perceived by audiences as coherent wholes The Oresteia is the only one which has come down to us

Aeschylus Å 2 Summary

ὈρέστειαR protecting preserving and promoting the world's literature in affordable high uality modern editions that are true to the original wo. i read now no 2 the main conflict between son and mother the erotic freedom of the women the mother is destructive for the son as he is suppose to get the heritage you killed my father how can i live with you amazing conflict great writing stilla lot of build up for me as i write a new thriller